What is Education? Education by Wikipedia is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Even if we read thousands of definition we will figure out ultimately every definition is depicting the same meaning Education is meant to provide a favourable environment to identify the passion, gain knowledge and excel in life but what it comes down to is a rat race, a race for numbers, a race for grades, a race for scores. So that one can get into the best ranking top universities and then can get one of the highest paying jobs and those who can not bring the numbers moreover those who can not win the race either they have to live mediocre lives or live in depression.

We all know that Education plays a very vital role in everyone’s life. But the kind of knowledge and skills required by the economy are different in many ways from the bookish knowledge. The government bodies need to implement several measures to bridge the gap between education and work. Education gives us wings to achieve our dreams but remember education never ends and we can get the education anywhere not only in school or books. Education needs to allow the adolescent to gain employable skills and this can be done through vocational courses.

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There are different modes and types of Education.

1. Formal education :

  • In this type of education the existence of the school, college, university or some institution is necessary.
  • There are a regular schedule and discipline.
  • There is a regular system of examination.
  • Certificate and degree are issued to successful candidates.

2. Informal education :

  • This kind of Education starts with the birth of a child.
  • Learning from the environment.
  • Learning from the surrounding.

3. Non-formal Education:

  • It is distance learning.
  • Seminars and Workshops.
  • Education from open university or virtual university.

A few weeks back a lot of positive changes have happened in the Education policies of India. More focus will be on practical knowledge than bookish knowledge. There are many government policies which enhance the importance of the education system like Anganwadi Centres- this scheme aims to enhance access to pre-primary education in a rural and remote area of India. Vidhyanjali Scheme 2016- to heat up extracurricular activities in students. The National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020), which was once authorised through the Union Cabinet of India on 29 July 2020, outlines the vision of India’s new schooling system. The new coverage replaces the preceding National Policy on Education, 1986. The coverage is a complete framework for basic training to greater training as nicely as vocational education in each rural and city India. The coverage ambitions to seriously change India’s schooling system by 2021.

Shortly after the launch of the policy, the authorities clarified that no one will be compelled to find out about any other language and that the medium of guidance will now not be shifted from English to any regional language. The language coverage in NEP is a vast guiding principle and advisory in nature; and it is up to the states, institutions, and colleges to determine the implementation.

Ther are various redundancies in the Education system of India which we need to figure and tackle out as soon as possible. Some major drawbacks of Indian Education Policies are:

  • 1.Too much relying on textbooks.
  • 2.Practising rote learning.
  • 3.Poor infrastructure.
  • 4.Pressurizing the students for marks and grades.
  • 5.Not cheering up research and innovation.
  • 6.Textbooks do not mention how the topics are relevant to real life.
  • 7.Spending 3% of its GDP on Education while it is 5-6% of GDP in other countries like Brazil and Canada.
  • 8.Creativity is not encouraging.
  • 9.Stereotype way of thinking about education, etc.

To overcome these drawbacks India should work on a lot of things in exceptional fields. Some fundamental steps are supposed to be completed.

  • 1. Our mindset closer to marks and grades wishes should be changed.
  • 2. Teachers must motivate logical wondering and creativity in the student.
  • 3. Free greater schooling for higher education.
  • 4. Education fund must be increased.
  • 5. Time to time various schemes like DIKSHA, BETI PADHAO BETI BACHAO etc should be introduced.

It is the right time to take some initiative and come up with some revolutionary ideas and turn our country into a well developed and educated country. Some of us tend to think that it is very difficult to transform failing government systems. When we think of the government system, we tend to think there is an archaic set in their ways, and perhaps the leadership is just too bureaucratic to be able to change things.

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According to a report, by the time Indian kid is 11 years old, 50% of them have fallen so far behind in their education that they have no hope to recover. 11 years old can not do simple addition, they cannot construct a grammatically correct sentence. These are things that we expect from an 8-year-old student. By the time kids are 13-14, they tend to drop out of schools. In our country, public schools not only offer free textbooks, free workbooks, free meals, sometimes even cash scholarships. And yet 40% of the parents today are choosing to pull their children out of public schools and pay out of their pockets to put them in private schools. As a comparison, in a far developed country, the US, that number is only 10%. That is a huge statement on how broken the Indian public education system is.

In a very famous Indian movie, 3 idiots have tried to depict the same message. While trying to be first in race ain’t we lagging behind in the basic knowledge? Education is basically for learning not to get good marks, money etc. We should be competitive in learning but at the same time, we should not forget to enjoy it. At the end of the movie, there is a scene where it reveals actually Rancho (protagonist) doesn’t have any degree still he holds more than 400 patents and the Japanese are running behind him. It shows we do not need any degree or certificate to become successful in life. All we need is knowledge, confidence will power and courage.

By Azeem Husain Khan

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